Can Vacuum Sealing Be Hazardous To Your Health?

People are always trying to make their lives easier by inventing new appliances. Many of them are considered to be revolutionary as they make doing chores much easier and faster. Now it is almost impossible to imagine our life without a dishwashing machine, a pressure cooker, a blender and many other home appliances. A vacuum sealer is on this list as well, helping people to store foods for longer periods of time and claiming that by removing oxygen foods are preserved from mold and fungi.

However, there are certain types of bacteria that prefer low oxygen environment and they can grow even on vacuum sealed foods. Botulism and Listeria monocytogenes are examples that can grow and thrive in an anaerobic environment causing food borne illnesses. They can also grow even faster in vacuum sealed food because there is no competition with other bacteria. If the foods were not packaged under vacuum the oxygen will protect food from C. botulinum growth and development, but since there’s almost no air nothing prevents these types of bacteria from thriving. Under refrigerated conditions extended shelf life could allow slow growing bacteria to reach high numbers. These types of bacteria do not produce noticeable changes in food as opposed to spoilage bacteria that normally spoils the food in a noticeable way (odor, color, sliminess, etc.).

If you prepare your food in a clean uncontaminated environment, there is nothing to worry about, but if you want to make sure that your food is safe after vacuum sealing follow the following guidelines:

• Wash your hands before and during the vacuum sealing process.

• It’s better not to touch food with your hands at all. Use clean sanitized spoons, tongs or other kitchen utensils to handle the food.

• Keep utensils, cutting boards and working surfaces clean and sanitized.

• Store vacuum sealed foods in the refrigerator or freezer. Dry products, such as pasta or rice can be kept at room temperature.

• Keep the package with thawing food open to minimize bacterial growth. If the package stays closed there is still a vacuum environment where pathogenic bacteria can be active.

• Make sure you don’t cross contaminate food.

• Label the sealed packages with type of food and date packaged.

• Always make sure that the seal is complete and no air will be coming into the bag.

• Don’t throw away the manual: it has important information concerning shelf life of vacuum packaged foods. Always keep that in mind and check your freezer periodically to make sure there is nothing too old.

• Any food showing signs of spoilage should be discarded immediately.

Vacuum sealing foods is an effective way to store your foods fresh and prolong their shelf life, but remember that removing air from the package doesn’t just solve some food storage problems – it could also bring others. Just make sure you are taking proper steps in handling and storing your food to reduce bacteria.

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Treating A Distempered Cat

For those of you who are cat lovers it is always difficult when your feline friend is sick. They are always there to comfort you when you are sick, or sad, and you want to do the same thing for them. We take care of our pets in hopes they will never become sick but unfortunately, there are some things that cannot be completely prevented. The good news is there is a lot of information available and knowledge to be obtained about feline distemper and how to treat it. It is a very common virus that cats can carry and it can be very devastating for your pet. Make sure you know the facts so you can help prevent this dangerous virus from getting your cat.

Feline distemper (also known as feline parvovirus) is contracted when your cat comes in contact with blood that is infected, urine, feces, and even fleas from another infected cat. People who do not wash their hands properly after handling a cat who is contaminated with the virus. The virus can be contracted to other cats but not to dogs. Kittens are also capable of obtaining the virus through their mothers in the womb. There are some symptoms that you should look out for if you believe that your cat has contracted the virus.

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Severe weight loss
  • Disinterest in eating
  • Depression

The light at the end of the tunnel when it comes to this virus. That is there are several prevention methods that will help you to keep the feline parvovirus out of your home and away from your furry friends.

To keep this virus from spreading is extremely crucial that you are using safe methods of cleaning your home to make sure you are ridding it of the virus. One of the first things you need to do is rid your home and your pets of any fleas. This is one of the main causes of the spread of the virus. A simple way is to simply use a flea comb on your cat on a daily basis to make sure no new fleas have surfaced. A natural remedy of apple cider vinegar spray will also help rid your cat of those pesky fleas. You can mix that with a mild shampoo and gently bathe your cat. You can also set up soapy water flea traps. The fleas will hop right off of your carpet and into the soapy water killing them instantly.

Keeping your cat healthy is the best thing you can do to prove your love to them. They are always there for you so the least you can do is keep this nasty parvovirus away from your cat and eliminating the fleas from your home.

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Forbidden Fruit: Foods Not To Feed Your Dog

Anybody who has a pet knows exactly what it is like then when they are not well. That is why animal lovers will do whatever necessary to make sure that their pets remain self and healthy. Unfortunately, bad things do happen and there are times when our dogs are sick. They are a member of the family so we rush off to get them the urgent care they need. There are a number of foods that that your dog simply cannot eat because they are toxic to your furry friends. Keep reading to discover some of the foods that can make your dog very sick and can even be fatal.

Just as we love our pets, most of us humans love our chocolate. One thing you must be careful of is not to allow your dog to ever consume any amount of chocolate. Chocolate (especially baking chocolate) is extremely toxic to your pet. It contains a chemical called theobromine that do massive damage to your dog’s lungs, kidneys, heart, and nervous system. Keep chocolate away from your pet all costs. Store your chocolate stash in hard to reach places. Never keep chocolate in a place where your dog can reach it.

There is no known reason for this but grapes and raisins can make your dog extremely sick. The food can be poisonous to your pet and can cause kidney damage among other problems. Just a handful of grapes could be toxic to your canine friend. Keep them away from this fruit! You would think that it would not be necessary to tell pet owners this, but never allow your dog to consume alcohol. Alcohol contains a significant amount of ethanol and can cause severe damage to your pet’s central nervous and respiratory systems. If for any reason you believe your pet has consumed any amount of alcohol, contact your veterinarian immediately.

A clue to look for when you think your pet has eaten that forbidden food is any kind of signs of physical pain. Most of these foods (especially chocolate) can cause a dog to gain a fever, restlessness, and even causes your dog to shake. If you notice any of these symptoms you should take your dog to your vet immediately. Do not hesitate to call your vet if you have any concerns about what your dog may have consumed.

Our pets play such an important role in our lives. We want them to be around for a long time. It is our jobs as pet owners to make sure our dogs are taken care of to the fullest extent of our capabilities. Keeping these toxic foods away from your dog is a great step in keeping your favorite furry friend around for a very long time.

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Feeding the Dog Right

Don’t you feel like showering all love you have to your dogs in the form of the finest delicacies? Don’t know what to offer them? Get confused whilst searching for the right kind of food that promises their overall growth and proper nutrition? Do not look any further. We have got you covered.

If you have a dog at home, you must be wondering what to feed to keep it satiated and healthy. Just like human beings, dogs also need nutritious foods to work properly.   You could also ask a veteran for suggestions on proper diet.

If you also have a cat, you would have noticed that the dog is particularly aligned to cat food; there can be several reasons for this that may include easy availability of cat food all the time or taste or for having high proteins and fats. Well, do you allow your dog to eat cat food or you do hard to keep your dog away from cat food?  Now, the question arises if there is anything to worry if it eats cat food?

Since dogs and cats have different body compositions, their nutrition needs are also different. While cats need the high-protein and high-fat food, it can be harmful to the dog. It may make him overweight after sometime and also develop kidney problems due to excessive protein available in cat food.

So, are you now thinking of the most appropriate food for your dog? Oats come on top of the best foods for dog.  They are tasty, nutritious, inexpensive and readily available. Also,

  • Oats have soluble fiber that keeps the cholesterol level low.
  • They are rich in magnesium, iron, zinc and vitamins.
  • These are low in gluten.
  • GMO (Genetically modified organisms).

There are lots of benefits of including oats in your dog’s diet-

  • Oats lower the cholesterol levels and help in treating various diseases including physical or mental exhaustion, inflammatory conditions, dyspepsia, depression, fevers, insomnia and sexual dysfunctions.
  • If your dog is suffering from itching problem, oats is a great meal as it heals the situation.
  • Also, there are lots of vitamins and minerals available to help skin healing.

Feeding your dog right is crucial to its health, and you should not, in any case” take it lightly. Every dog owner must take care of when to feed, what/what not to feed as well as the right proportion of foods to feed.

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When Dogs Go Green

Even though dogs are primarily meat eaters, they do require a few vitamins and minerals that can only be obtained from the plant kingdom. But like us, a lot more plants are foe than friends. Make sure you monitor the vegetables that your dog eats, or else both you and your dog will suffer the consequences.

In truth, there are the hundreds of plants that are toxic to dogs. It may be difficult to remember all this foliage, but the truth is that we don’t use most of these at home. So to make things easier, here is a list of vegetables and fruits that frequent the cutting board, but shouldn’t be gobbled up by your precious pooch.

Grapes and Raisins

Even a handful of raisins are toxic to your dog. Symptoms that develop later include vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and lethargy. Taking larger quantities can cause liver damage or kidney failure.

Mushrooms

Not all mushrooms are toxic to dogs, but not giving them any is the safest bet. The most toxic mushroom to dogs is Amanita phalloides. Symptoms developed include abdominal pain, drooling, liver damage, kidney damage, vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions, coma and eventually death.

Onions and Garlic

These may be our favorite flavor enhancers, but not for the dog. Thiosulphate is the main culprit here. It’s found more in onions than in garlic. The compound causes a condition called hemolytic anemia where the dog’s blood cells burst during circulation, leading to death a few days afterwards.

Pits, Stems and Leaves

The above mentioned parts of fruits like Apple, Apricot, Almond, Peach, Wild Cherries,  Balsam Pear, Plum, Prunes and similar fruit contain cyanide and are toxic to dogs as well as humans. It can cause diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, and death.

Avocados

They are mildly toxic to dogs due to a toxin called persin. The large seed can also choke the dog or cause blocked intestines in small dogs. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea and lack of stool production. Avocados are deadly for most other animals.

These are just a few fruits and vegetables that aren’t meant for your dog. Other common plant products to look out for include broccoli, cherries, nutmeg, daffodils, tulips, hyacinth, marijuana, morning glory, aloe vera, castor beans, tobacco, macadamia nuts, pointsettia and lantana.

Can My Dog Eat Dairy Products?

As long as your dog isn’t lactose intolerant, almost all dairy products that do not have any added flavoring or preservatives can be given to your dog. Dogs love dairy products like cheese and yogurt and will happily lick tidbits off your fingers. Another added benefit of yogurt is that it increases the good bacteria in your dog’s intestines, as well as your own. It’s a tasty snack that both of you can enjoy on a stroll with no cares. The calcium in the yogurt helps in build strong bones and beautiful pearly whites. In case your dog is recovering from a bacterial infection, yogurt can help recolonize the good bacteria that have died from the medication. Make sure your vet gives the green signal first. And remember, a little of something goes a long way.

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Huge Canines And Big Spiders

If you love the idea of adding a giant canine companion to your household, you must consider the top giant dog breeds in the world. Technically, the biggest breed is the Great Dane, with an average height of 28-34 inches although the tallest dog in the world reached a whopping 44 inches! Known popularly as gentle giants, these sociable and sensitive animals thrive in indoor living situations with loving families. In spite of their friendly nature, Great Danes also make effective guard dogs with the right training. The heaviest dog, meanwhile, is the English Mastiff, averaging between 120 to 220 pounds. Good natured and strong, this breed does best in spacious households with big yards or gardens since it requires a lot of exercise to stay fit. The English Mastiff may require specific training in its early years to ensure that it develops a stable and calm personality.

Of course, any breed is better able to behave in the desired manner with the appropriate training. Early socialization is also crucial for dogs if they are expected to interact with children and visitors. The Great Pyrenees, for example, is generally gentle and affectionate towards kids but it can be stubborn. Therefore, to avoid problems, it should be trained at the right time. Another popular giant dog is the Irish Wolfhound, a noble-looking creature. With consistent guidance and love, this patient and dignified dog makes an excellent addition to the family unit.  If your idea of a good time involves long walks and hikes, then the Irish Wolfhound is the perfect companion. Other large breeds include the St Bernard, Leonberger, and Anatolian Shepherd Dog.

While a balanced diet and exercise are crucial, you must also protect your dog from poisons. There were more than 100,000 cases of pets being poisoned in the past year, so this is far more common than many dog owners realize. Depending on how your particular dog reacts, many toxins can even prove fatal. The worst poisons for canines include insecticides, rodenticides, prescription/over-the-counter medication for people, and household products like paint thinner or cleaning supplies. Make sure to put these well out of reach to avoid a tragic accident. Many food items that are absolutely fine for humans may also kill your canine companion, such as grapes, raisins, chocolate, alcohol, and xylitol (commonly found in sugar-free products).

Apart from these poisons, a spider bite can also cause dogs a great deal of pain, suffering or even death. While the venom of many spiders is harmless in the case of dogs, this is not the case for all species. The bite of a black widow spider, which is found in nearly every state in the US, may lead to muscle tremors, rigidity, severe pain, vomiting, and diarrhea. Its venom can be fatal for dogs if anti-venom medication is not administered in time. The brown recluse spider is another dangerous specimen for canines. Its bite creates an open wound, risking infection, and has occasionally been known to cause renal failure. If you think your dog has bitten by a spider and it is showing signs like inflammation, abnormal lesions, fever, spasms, and joint pain, visit the vet at the earliest. Some of the biggest spiders in the world are also potential human killers, while others are relatively harmless. The largest is names the Goliath bird-eating tarantula; its bite can cause severe pain and nausea but is not fatal for human beings. On the other hand, the Brazilian wandering spider, which likes to hang out on bananas, is one of the most venomous specimens in the world. Its bite can kill a human being within mere minutes if an antidote is not administered.

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Building A Home For Natural Born Swimmers

Are you fascinated by fish and excited by the prospect of observing them as they go about their day? If so, you should certainly consider a trip to a few of the biggest and best aquariums in the world. Approximately 1.5 million visitors make their way to the National Aquarium in Baltimore each year, drawn by the 660 species that can be found swimming around in one million gallons of water! The rainforest terrarium on the roof is an added attraction. One of the newer entrants in the group in the Trukuazoo aquarium, built in Turkey in 2009. It can be found in the Forum Istanbul Shopping Mall and has a number of amazing features, including an 80-metre underwater walk-through tunnel and a number of habitats such as flooded forest and rainforest. It houses about 10,000 marine species. The largest tank in Europe can be found at L’Oceanografic in Valencia, Spain – it contains 1.85 million gallons of water. The aquarium has 45,000 species in residence. Africa’s largest tank, meanwhile, lies in uShaka Marine World in Durban, South Africa; the sea-wreck themed aquairum 32 tanks contain just short of a million gallons of water. It also houses a famous restaurant with a wall aquarium which allows you to shark-watch as you eat a meal!

Another massive marine exhibit is Georgia Aquarium, which has a 6.3 million gallon tank. It was formerly the largest in the world but in 2014, that title was taken by Chimelong Ocean Kingdom in Zhuhai city, China. With a total water volume of 12.87 gallons along with largest viewing dome, aquarium window, and acrylic panel, this aquarium is a must see for anyone who believes bigger is better! The island park houses various themed areas. The first phase of building the Chimelong Ocean Kingdom was approximately RMB 10 billion.

While domestic aquariums are an amazing opportunity for people to experience the wonders of aquatic life on a daily basis, there are concerns about whether these marine exhibits are eco-friendly. There are various types of aquariums that are perfectly suited to those who want to live an environmentally responsible manner. Instead of the conventional glass tanks, you can choose the river plant aquarium instead – a concept that blends aquarium with garden and utilizes the symbiosis between plants and fish. An innovative fish-tank and planter hybrid also harnesses this relationship. The excretion of the fish acts as nutrition for the small plants, which eliminates the need to clean the tank very often. Another option is a floating garden, which is essentially a fish tank with a tiny garden attached above. The greenery adds a breath of fresh air and soothes the fish as well. Those who believe in locally growing and eating their own food may consider a refrigerator aquarium, wherein your can grow plants and breed fish for consumption at the same time.

Those who believe in environmental sustainability may want to extend this philosophy to travel as well. AirBnB is a great option for those who want to take more eco-friendly holidays by staying a “green” apartment at their destination. Those heading to western Australia, for example, can look at the delightful Daisy House which has been built using recycled materials. Travelers to Jordan, Italy, and Croatia have the option to opt for beautifully done up, eco-friendly apartments. Portland, one of the most progressive cities in the US, offers a number of great apartment rental choices for the green traveler.

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At Home In The Arctic

Even places that seem brutally inhospitable to mankind are the perfect homes for certain members of the animal kingdom. The tundra across the northern part our world is a good example. Treeless and freezing, the Arctic region is the preferred adobe of a variety of creatures that are equipped to live there. Perhaps the most famous of these is the polar bear, the dominant land animal in the region. Blessed with a layer of blubber and an insulating fur, the body of the polar bear is geared to handle the low Arctic temperatures. The coat of the polar bear (which appears like that of a soft toy in popular representations) is oily in real life, which helps to keep moisture away even when the animal is in water. Tundra and Arctic wolves, too, have a fur coat and thick undercoat to battle the sub-zero winds. The Arctic hares, on the other hand, employ a different strategy. They huddle closely in groups to derive warmth and stay safe. The massive musk ox also believes in the value of staying warm and secure in groups. These distinctive animals protect their young by keeping them in the center, with the adults stationed around them in a circle.

Other creatures that can be found in the Arctic include the baby harp seal, Arctic fox, lemming, and snowy owl. Many animals are fortunate enough to have nature’s most marvelous way of dealing with the worst of the winter: hibernation. Hibernation is essentially a state of suspended animation (sometimes called deep sleep), in which the creature’s body processes, such as the heart rate and breathing, slow down. The body temperature also dips. Together, these developments allow for greater conservation of energy and protection against the chill. While the word “sleep” is often used to describe hibernation, the two states are actually vastly different. Hibernation is far more intense; in fact, many animals emerge from it feeling exhausted.

This smart process also means that many animals do not have to try and find food at the height of winter; instead, they eat more than usual at the beginning of the cold spell and then settle down for the long sleep. Of course, not all hibernation lasts for weeks or months on end. Some animals go into lighter hibernation for shorter spans, sometimes only a few hours in the day. This state is called torpor and is common among smaller animals. Deer mice, for instance, torpor from the morning to late afternoon and search for food in the evenings. Skunks torpor for a few months along with their close family members; during this period, they may occasionally wake up and eat something. Hamsters also go into torpor for a few days or weeks. Pet owners should remember this so as not to panic and wake up the hamster with a start (which can literally cause the creature to have a heart attack).

The common poorwill is the only bird that goes into deep hibernation, for up to 100 days, during which period its daily energy requirement declines by a whopping 93 percent. Alpine marmots are also true hibernators. In fact, they spend only four months awake, with the other eight months spent in suspended animation. In that state their heart only beats 3-4 times a minute. Other hibernating animals include bats, bears, prairie dogs, and hedgehogs. Among the many wonders of the natural world, hibernation is one of the most astounding – an intelligent and effective way for creatures to survive harsh winters in the wild.

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Curriculum And Character

A casual question that is sometimes asked of another individual is how their work is going? Sometimes, the individual will reply that it is a great job if they didn’t have to work with people. This tongue in cheek response has a ring of truth to it in that often, what makes a job difficult, is dealing with different personalities of fellow employees or managers.

Consequently, if an individual finds that they do not necessarily enjoy working well with others, an employment opportunity that might be of interest to them would be working with numbers. Specifically, the individual may wish to explore a career in the accounting world. And even more specifically, the basic entry job into accounting would be as a bookkeeper.

Therefore, if interested in this type of position, it would be important for the individual to know what is required educationally and the type of personality that is needed.

First of all, to be a bookkeeper, requires no formal education or degree. However, it is important for the considering individual to understand that training is required. Generally, a bookkeeper will have earned some sort of certification in bookkeeping or received their Associate of Arts degree in this particular line of study. A certificate is generally earned when an individual has gone through a one year’s course of study which includes mathematics pertinent to the business world, learning about various accounting software packages, studying the basic principles of accounting and an overview of payroll as well as accounts receivable and accounts payable.

That training needed would be a basic understanding of accounting in both macro and micro accounting. Therefore, the individual would certainly benefit from accounting classes. Generally this type of training can be accomplished through online courses or by attending their local junior college.

Additionally, every line of successful business has to have in place some sort of process for accounting. This is true for both small and large businesses and the number of staff involved with accounting is in direct proportion to the budget and business volume of the particular company. Consequently, an opportunity that might present itself to the aspiring bookkeeper would be to start in the accounting department as perhaps an accounting clerk or data entry position within the accounting department. This would provide a great opportunity to get a “feel” of the accounting world and actually gain some experience.

The second consideration, if thinking about this line of work, is to understand the personality of a bookkeeper. Some of those personal traits of the potential bookkeeper should include honesty, attention to detail, the desire to work with numbers, the commitment to following policies and procedures, etc.Additional value character and personality traits are identified at http://www.abn.org.au/blog/bookkeeper-traits-skill-set/.

Consequently, a personality that is rather no nonsense and by the book is valuable because being in this position requires that the bookkeeper follow the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles which do not allow for anyone’s personal or misinterpretation of the standards of accounting.

Finally, the added value of starting as a bookkeeper in the accounting world is the springboard opportunity that might be provided. This opportunity would allow for the individual to learn more about bookkeeping and accounting and then if there is continued interest in this financial career field they may wish to move into the degree position of being an accountant.

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What is The Right Age For Kids To Drink Coffee?

For one reason or another coffee has always been regarded as a beverage for adults. But given the youthful and trendy way coffee is being advertised and marketed today, an inevitable question crops up – should kids enjoy it, too?

You’re shopping at your favorite supermarket and you decide to have an espresso at the café area. Your 14 year old boy says “Mom, can I have one too?”

What do you say? How do you respond? Your natural instinct starts going nuts. Will the caffeine make him over-active? Will it stunt his growth? What will the other moms say if they see me giving my young, short-haired son a cup of espresso. What, in the first place, is the right age for anybody to take coffee?

Coffee Today

Nowadays, coffee comes in an overwhelming multitude of varieties, flavors and concoctions, many of them with strong appetite appeal, attracting the attention and interest of our kids. As if to confirm this, the National Coffee Association of America says it’s the young folks who comprise the fastest-growing age segment of coffee buffs (Source: Reuters).

There seems to be no running away from it.These yummy-looking, delectable coffee drinks are all around us. Coffee shops are popping up in supermarkets, libraries and book stores apart from those fashionable coffee chains that you’ll find in most urban areas. Many fast food outlets and the donut chains have all gotten into the trend as well, offering innovative coffee-based drinks. These are topped with whipped cream and swirled with honey or chocolate syrup making them look more like milkshakes rather than coffee.

Naturally, they stir up the appetites of teenagers and young kids. When TV ads appear with the message that everybody needs a boost to go through our busy day and that coffee’s got the right jolt, it’s could easy to fall into the trap.

But is it ok for a high-school student to take coffee to perk up his day and stay up for the final exams? Is it ok for these kids to have mocha latte’s so they’d look sophisticated among friends without causing any health concerns?

Is Coffee Really Harmful To Kids?

We know coffee doesn’t hinder children’s natural growth. Too much caffeine, though, can lead to symptoms of hyperactivity, anxiety, insomnia and sometimes irregular heartbeat.

So When Is Too Much Too Much?

For adults the mayo clinic says it shouldn’t be more than 200-300 milligrams (about 2-3 average-sized cups) of coffee per day. The us has no official figures regarding daily amounts for kids. Health Canada though suggests that teen-agers with 110 pound weight shouldn’t take in more than 125 milligrams of caffeine a day. The equation is 2.5 milligrams of caffeine per day per kilogram of body weight. The younger ones, 10-12 years old should take no more than 85 milligrams per day. As a reference, one should know that coffee beverages generally contain about 150 milligrams of caffeine. ( Source : Mayo Clinic)

What To Do

So what do you do about your 14 year old asking for an espresso? Moderation is the operative word. Keep in mind all the sources of caffeine (sodas, tea, chocolate, etc.) In your kid’s diet and ensure he’s not getting more than what the experts say he should. Go for the smaller size, not the jumbo sizes. And remember…no coffee less than 6 hours before going to bed. Get your kids to be responsible coffee drinkers. They’ll end up being healthy and happy.

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Quotes About Love And Family

No emotion is stronger than love. Some might be moved by anger, sadness, happiness, etc., but nothing can move a person more than love. It is the end-all when it comes to emotions and can be a driving force unprecedented by anything. But this feeling of love is elusive and isn’t always found very easily. When you think of love you might think of a soul mate; man or women. But soul mates are about as elusive as they come, and there are many people who go throughout life without ever finding theirs.

But not all of us believe in soul mates. I believe that there are certain people who are meant for someone, but on the other hand love isn’t something that is always constricted, limited, and set in stone. Love should be allowed to flourish anywhere and everywhere, even beyond the confines of a potential soul mate. Nevertheless when you find someone that you want to share you life with, it’s important to share more than that. You must give them a piece of not just your heart, but your soul. After all, they are a soul mate. “Giving someone a piece of your soul is better than giving a piece of your heart. Because souls are eternal” – Helen Boswell. This quote is perfect because soul mates truly deserve more than just the heart, they deserve the soul. This way the bond is strengthened even more so and you can begin the process of eternal, flawless love.

This kind of love isn’t just found in soul mates however. Some of us develop this strong of a connection with family members. Whether it be parents, siblings, or children, a real deep connection like the connection you produce with a soul mate can exist in your own family. But nothing worth while is ever easy to get to. Soul mates might be difficult to find, but easier to maintain; family is a different story. Family for the most part is easy to find, but very difficult to maintain. Loving your family is not always easy as it comes with its fair share of unhappy experiences, but its these experiences that act as reminders as to why you’re with these people. “All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way” – Leo Tolstoy

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Quotes For The Broken Heart

Eventually you will find yourself in pieces. Broken. Shattered like a glass knocked off a table. There are things that happen in everyone’s life that has this effect on us. Whether it’s losing a loved one, not getting something that you earned, or even being hated – everyone will experience life lashing out at them, and it’s not pretty. It’s important thought that we pick ourselves up, and put those pieces back together. The more times you do it, the stronger you become and before long you won’t find yourself slipping off the edge of the table again.

There is nothing heavier than a broken heart. Sometimes our hearts get broken, but the worst thing of all is when your heart is broken by a loved one. Losing a loved one or realizing that your love is only a one-way street is a traumatizing thing. But Mark Twain has a perfect quote for this: “Never allow someone to be your priority while allowing yourself to be their option”. I love this quote because nothing in life should ever be a priority. If you find your heart broken by someone, you must quit feeling like things are priorities or meant to happen. Everything in life is an option, everything is a choice – you are never constricted to one path.

Like I said previously, sometimes we can have our hearts smashed by others. There are people out there in everyone’s lives that seek to do harm against your emotional state. They are parasites and feed off of it, but the best defense against this is to feed off of them. They want to see you broken, they want to see you fail; but you want to succeed. “Learn to use the criticism as fuel and you will never run out of energy” – Orrin Woodward. This is a perfect quote because this it is so true and logical. People want to break your heart, so use their ill will against them and develop a mindset that uses it as fuel. No matter what you do, never let others knock your glass off the table again.

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Quotes For Your Brother

Life is a journey that is both individual and not. I like to think of life as being two-dimensional. We have the process that goes on in our heads: the decisions we make, our emotions, our thought-process, etc., but then we have the life that put out for the rest of the world: our family, our loved ones, our job, our hobbies, etc. Both are very important and must exist in the world together at the same time.

One of the biggest struggles on the individual side is dealing with being yourself. Your identity is whatever you want it to be to an extent. I wouldn’t say that are limited are constricted to being one person and person only; we can definitely change and adapt over time, but at the same time we do have to remain some way consistent – we need to stay true to ourselves. I think there are many different ways I can be myself and not be the same person. It’s difficult to wrap your head around, but you will know when you are not being yourself. “The individual has always had to struggle to keep from being overwhelmed by the tribe. If you try it, you will be lonely often, and sometimes frightened. But no price is too high to pay for the privilege of owning yourself” – Friedrich Nietzsche. This is a beautiful quote about the struggles of retaining your personal identification. You know who you are and nobody else, but sometimes that image can be construed.

When you do try to be someone who you are not, you might not be wary of it. You might think that the person whose skin you are in is yours, but the actions don’t match up. The most likely people to realize this discrepancy is your family. Take a sibling, like a brother, for example. They grew up with you, they either took care of you or you took care of them, so they know you inside and out. They have seen you at low times in your life, but also at high times. Either way they know your real identification, and they will realize the moment you are not being yourself. When you are feeling confused about who you are, go to them, go to your brother. After all, they are meant to help you. “Sometimes being a brother is even better than being a superhero” – Marc Brown.

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Sympathy Quotes

Life is brutal. Life is tough. Life is also amazing. Life is a lot of things all wrapped up into one prolonged experience that really sets on a rollercoaster ride of many different emotions. No one gets through unscathed and unrattled by atleast a few traumatizing experiences. Some of the most traumatic experiences come by way of death and loss. When someone close to us is taken, it entirely shakes us to our core and breaks us down. Some of us can’t rebuild the pieces and get back, and continue on as shells of our former past. However, a lot of are forced to pick up the pieces, and put them back together forming a stronger version of ourselves. While loss sucks and is truly a hard thing to go through, it strengthens and gives us a new perspective on life.

“We understand death only after it has placed its hands on someone we love” – Anne L. de Stael. This quote is very true because death makes its biggest impact on us when it is someone we love. When we invest our emotions, or time, or life into someone and their body moves on, it feels as if a part of us is lost as well. And maybe it is. “The best thing about having a sister was that I always had a friend” – Cali Rae Turner. This quote is perfect because it shows that family members, specifically sisters, are more than just family members – they are friends. In our sisters we don’t just have a beloved family member, but we also have a friend, so when our siblings are taken from us, it is as if two people are taken from us.

The most important thing about dealing with loss is grieving. Some of us grieve different ways, but nevertheless it is important to grieve. Those who prolong the grievance process are only delaying the inevitable, and if the sadness doesn’t find a way inside your body at first then it will just wait till later – there is no escaping it. This is why I always get my grievance out of the way first. I hit it head on, or rather I let it hit me head on. I survive, I get through it, and I carry on knowing that I am a stronger, more experienced man in this game of life.

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College Kitchen Must-Haves

Going away to college can be a trying time. Packing up your entire life for the first time (of what will most likely prove to be many). Knowing what to pack is even more difficult. What do you need for your room and your kitchen and your bathroom? What do you mean dishes don’t do themselves?

What do you need to cook? (How do you cook?!?) There are many things you should probably have in order to feed yourself.

First and foremost – this may seem obvious – you need bowls. At least buy bowls. Bowls can be bowls and they can be plates. You can’t eat cereal or ramen on a plate. You’ll thank me later.

Second on the most-important list is utensils. Again, you’ll be a banshee without them and people will judge you. Just the basics will do. No need to get a whole set of twelve place settings. Buy individually! If you don’t want to constantly have to be doing dishes, buy at least two sets.

Now that we’re past the basics, and hopefully past ramen, what else will you need?

An often over-looked piece of kitchenware is the colander. If you make pasta or steam vegetables, how do you get the water out? A colander, that’s how. This is just one random thing that will help you loads in the kitchen.

Canopener. You’ll need one.

I forgot cups in the basics. If you would like to drink any beverages you should probably buy some cups.

Some appliances are probably a good idea. You don’t have to be fancy like a chef in your kitchen, but if you buy something you can use for many things, you’re off to a good start. Rice cookers are great options. They’re a good all-in-one tool for the kitchen that are also pretty affordable. Compare rice cookers and then impress your friends by making bread! Or just rice – maybe you should just stick with rice.

You should probably get some food staples, as well. Salt, pepper and spices to liven up bland dishes. Experiment with different pastas and grains.

What it comes down to is that you want to maximize efficiency while not having to spend that much money. By buying things that you can use for other things you spend maybe a little more money on one or two things, but end up with something that can do the job of ten. By buying a rice cooker you can cook rice, soup and bread. If you buy bowls instead of plates – if you have to choose – you can eat everything! It’s the little choices in life.

Student Vacations – Backpacking Europe On The Cheap

Sometimes as a student you will find a moment when you will just want to take a break. That is perfectly normal since your brain would probably be shouting out for you to relax as well. And what better way to relax than to have a nice long vacation in Europe?

Now, you are probably thinking that since you are just a student the budget for such an extravagant vacation is out of the question. All the travel expenses especially for accommodations in hotels would be impossible to cover with your part time job and allowance. But have you considered backpacking your way through all the destinations you want to go to?

Trying out this scenic route will allow you to stop to a place when you feel you want to stop. This eliminates the hassle and budget constraints of booking reservations. You will be surprise how many places you can lodge in for a night that offers enough comfort and security at very affordable prices. That is the sense of adventure you would most likely want to try out to take a break from the demands of your study.

Of course doing this means you would need to spend most of your time exploring your destination through hiking. It must be tiring to think about it but it is only so if you do not have the right hiking boots to help you out. You need to have one that can support your feet as you travel. Do not get this wrong, of course you will not be walking from one country to another.

But even so, your boots must durable enough to last throughout the experience of hiking and enjoying the view. It must also be comfortable enough for you to avoid having blister on your feet that will ruin your experience. You must then have the a top rating boots to help you out. To give you more of an idea which boots would fit you, you can visit this link http://www.mwengo.org/top-rated-best-hiking-boots-reviews-product-reviews/.

Hiking is just half way there though. You cannot hike properly if you keep on dragging a trolley that contains your entire luggage. And it will not be nicknamed backpacking through Europe if you are not using a suitable backpack to hold your things together. It must be big enough to carry all you need. The material and durability must also be considered.

Comfort must also be kept in mind. And once you have all these, then your backpack will even contribute to your enjoyment in your vacation. To help you choose the best backpacks for travel you need visit this link http://www.mwengo.org/best-travel-backpack-honest-review/.

Once you are set then you can plan out your adventure. Take a map of course since you would probably choose to avoid hiring any guide. Half of the thrill is actually in trying to know how you will get to the place you wanted to go. The other half is you taking the first step and welcoming the new experience of backpacking through Europe.

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Understanding Feline Love!

Cats, for the most part, are known to show glimpses of strange, peculiar behavior. This is why many cat owners love just observing their cats and watch them do some of the funny things that they do. A lot of the traits that cats display are used for showing affection too. There are lots of ways for a cat to say, “I love you” to her owner. Here are some of the things cats are known to do when they want to show affection. This way you’ll know what your cat is trying to say; who knows, maybe your cat isn’t so strong after all.

If you have ever noticed your cat squinting at you or perhaps blinking very slowly, she’s showing affection. My cat does this a lot whenever I scratch her face and it’s a sign of content and affection. Some cat owners I know of can actually have blinking contests back and forth with their cats.

One of my favorite things I know cats do is headbutt. When a cat headbutts you she’s not trying to physically harm you, in fact it’s quite the opposite. She’s actually rubbing her glands on you; these glands secrete special pheromones that mark you as her territory. The actual scent of the pheromones can not be picked up by our human noses, but other animals can tell and they’ll know that you belong to your cat. A cat’s pheromones in many ways act as a cat’s fingerprints as each cat has a unique scent. You can think of this as if your cat is just placing a big stamp on you that claims you as being hers.

Kneading is a pretty peculiar action that many cat owners have raised question about. A cat kneads when she pulls her claws in and out and almost kind of stretches them by scratching the surface she stands on. I like to compare to the way humans crack their knuckles, except cats do this to show affection. Early on, cats use this as an instinctual gesture to stimulate the flow of milk, but when cats get older they do this to show a very strong display of affection.

One thing I want to bring up that is also a strange action observed by cats is the consumption of grass. No, this is isn’t a sign of affection, but it is a weird behavior. Lots of times cats will eat grass not because they are hungry, but because they might have an itch or some form of discomfort in their throat and they use the grass to scratch it. This could also be a sign of stomach pains, so if you see your cat eating grass you might want to raise some caution.

Dog Dander: A Man’s Worst Enemy

There is a lot to consider when determining the right type of dog breed for you and your living situation. A very common thing most inexperienced dog owners might be skeptical of when first looking at inviting a dog into the family is dander. Dander is what spikes people’s allergies and can really make owning a dog quite the task. Having a constant runny nose, sneezing attacks, or perhaps even breathing difficulties are all possible effects of allergens that dogs carry. While most people are very tolerant of this, there are the few unfortunate bunch that are highly susceptible to dog dander. Luckily, there are a few breeds out there that what is called “hypoallergenic”. This means that they rarely shed and are not known for carrying many allergens on them.

While it is physically impossible to not produce any dander or allergens, there are some dogs that just don’t really shed much at all. Unless you have an overly sensitive system, chances are these hypoallergenic dogs are what you need to take a look at it. If you do find yourself having doggy allergies even with a hypoallergenic breed then the only real solution that doesn’t involve getting rid of the dog is to invest in some medication. This is what I highly recommend in the first place; no dog should be discriminated against just because of a natural trait that is common with every dog.

Another aspect of dogs people consider is the personality; this is especially true in family scenarios as you will need to make sure that the dog has the kind personality to put up with a family of kids. While I’m sure every dog breed can get used to living with a house full of people and children, there are a few stand out dog breeds that are exceptionally tolerant of this given living situation.

When looking for a dog that is good for families it’s also important to look at the size of the dog. Ironically, large dogs are known to be a bit more tolerant of children and thus more playful. Smaller dogs often times feel threatened by children and in danger whenever a child wants to engage in some sort of physical play – this leads to biting. So if you’re looking for a dog that will be tolerant of some child’s play in the house, you should look at a larger breed.

A Heart Big Enough For Any Dog!

Are you planning on becoming a new dog owner? If so you might have put several hours into determining what exact kind of breed of dog you want. If not, I do recommend that you put lots of thought into it. Part of being a responsible dog owner is knowing your dog’s breed, and doing the research to know everything there is to know about your dog’s breed. With that said, it’s also good to determine what breed to right for you. Dogs can really differ based breed, but no matter what your living situation is, there is a breed for you.

One of the biggest things to consider when choosing a dog is the size. Some owners want a gigantic dog because they can be intimidating, scary, and also really cool! Large dogs are also able to play rough and are known to be a bit better companions than smaller dogs, but with that said smaller dogs are generally easier to take care of and have lots and lots of energy; so if you’re wanting a dog that just bounces off the walls at all times I’d look into some small dog breeds. If you want to go with a happy medium then I suggest medium dog breeds as they have energy, but also the size to really play and the intelligence to be your best friend.

You also need to be wary of what size of dog would be best for the environment. If you live in a small house or apartment then might want to consider a smaller dog. However, if space isn’t an issue and you also have lots of outdoor space for your dog to run and play around in, then a medium or large sized dog is better suited. Even if you have a large house, you need to make sure it’s not cluttered. A cluttered house can really be hazardous for large dogs as they might knock things over. Getting a dog is a lot of responsibility so if you have to do some extra cleaning to ensure a safe environment then that is what you will need to do.

Like I said, whatever your living situation is there is a dog for you. Whether you’re looking based on size, personality, look, or traits, I’m sure you can find the right dog for you. If you have kids or a family that is going to be around the dog then I’d definitely do some research and make sure you don’t pick a dog that has a tendency to be violent or overly energetic.

Best Human Meds For Dogs!

Just like food, there are things that humans and dogs can share. Whether it’s ice cream, certain fruits, or even some scraps off the dinner table, your dog probably shares more in common with you than you realize. Believe it or not, prescription drugs are the same way. While there are lots and lots of drugs that your dog should definitely stay away from, there are a handful of meds that your dog can take painlessly and actually really benefit from them. Here are some of the best human meds for dogs!

Tagamet HB – If you have a dog who has had gastrointestinal issues in the past, you might have given your dog tagamet in the past. Tagamet HB is used to slow down the production of stomach acids for when dogs have stomach inflammation, otherwise known as gastritis. I’ve also heard of dogs taking tagamet to treat certain cases of diarrhea, but just like any other prescription drug, get medical clearance and guidance before you give your pooch anything. You need to confidently make sure your dog will receive benefits from the drug, otherwise I’d stay far away from giving your dog anything.

Aspirin – One of the most popular over-the-counter drugs out there, aspirin is completely harmless as long as it is not consumed for more than a few days. Aspirin is a fairly out-dated drug, which means there are other drugs that exist that are not only strong, but have less risk involved with them too. Aspirin has been known to cause certain stomach conditions, but taking a few aspirin to treat pain is not going to harm your dog. Sometimes aspirin is the only resource available if you find yourself unable to go to see a vet.

Benadryl – Just like humans, dogs can get allergies too. It doesn’t matter if you have a hypoallergenic dog, a smart dog, or an extremely large dog, whatever the case may be your dog is just as prone to getting allergies as the next. Allergies can often times be even stronger in dogs, and can really make them feel uncomfortable. Whether it’s excessive sneezing, a runny nose, or irritation in various parts of the dog’s body, allergies are absolutely no fun. If your dog spends lots of time outside running around in the grass then you might want to keep some benadryl on hand. Benadryl can greatly reduce allergies and it works wonderfully as there really isn’t much risk in giving it to your dog.

Forbidden Fruits for Dogs

If you consider yourself a caring and responsible dog owner then you should be monitoring exactly what your dog eats at all times. This can pose as quite the task as you may have to leave your dog home alone or without supervision; this is fine as it happens in most dog households, but at the very least you should be informed about what can be toxic to your dog and what isn’t. Too many dog owners think that just because a food is healthy to humans it means it can be healthy to dogs – this is wrong. There are lots of foods, especially fruits, that may contain substantial nutritional value but can potentially be a fatal snack for your dog.

One of the worst fruits to eat are grapes. Grapes contain a toxin in them that has yet to be identified exactly, but one thing is known about it – it is water soluble. This means that once your dog consumes the grape, the water soluble toxin soaks into your dog’s body and can immediately start causing symptoms of grape toxicity. One of the unfortunate symptoms of this toxicity is kidney failure as the toxin attacks the kidneys, shuts them down, and can potentially be life threatening if you don’t act quick enough. The same exact thing goes for raisins too. It doesn’t matter if it’s dried out and your pup only eats the skin, there is something in grapes and raisins that should never, at any time, be consumed by your dog.

While grapes and raisins may be the worst fruit for your dog, there are other foods out there that need to be avoided at all costs. Onions and garlic are two big concerns as well. Now, normally dogs will know to stay away from these foods, but other dogs can be led to believe that onion and garlic will be okay for them. As a dog owner you need to be very strict with your pooch and make sure he knows what not to eat. Onions especially have been used as toys as they can be tossed, caught, and rolled around, but one accidental bite can really do some damage to your dog. Coffee, as well as any other kind of chocolate besides white, is to be avoided as well. Avocado is another fruit that is deemed toxic.

With that said, there are some fruits that can be eaten with no problems at all. Strawberries are one of these fruits that dogs love as a little snack. Not only will your dog love to eat them, but they are also high in nutritional value as they contain vitamin K, B1, B6, B9, and C.

Feeding Your Dog: An Art!

The majority of dog owners, while they may be responsible and take care of their dog well, are not the type of dog owners that can turn something so little into an art. While you may not be a chef or an expert cook, it doesn’t take much to give your dog a treat that he will remember and love you for. Rather than just toss down the bowl of food for your dog, or perhaps letting him mooch of you with the table scraps, you might want to try preparing him a treat! There are lots of foods out there that many dog owners don’t realize can actually be beneficial to your dog. With that said, there are lots of foods you should avoid, so definitely do your research. Things like chocolate, macadamia nuts, and grapes can all be highly toxic to your dog, but did you know cheese, milk, and other diary products are okay?

Before you feed your dog any sort of diary though you should make sure your dog isn’t lactose intolerant. Just like humans, dogs can become lactose intolerant and even diabetic. You should first start out small when feeding your dog diary; something like just a little cube of cheese for a job well done. If your dog starts to have gas, bloating, or other forms of discomfort then your dog could very well be lactose intolerant. However, if he seems to stomach it okay, you can now move on to bigger and better treats.

Ice cream is a personal favorite of mine. When you and the family go out for ice cream don’t hesitate to take the dog with. In fact, cutting up some bananas to throw in a bowl of ice cream has always been my dog’s favorite treat. Not only will your dog love it, but he’ll even get some good nutrients. Just be sure to make sure there isn’t anything in the ice cream; things like chocolate and gum can turn a delicious treat into one that could pose a real threat to your dog’s health.

Just like any other food, it’s also not good to overwhelm your dog with it. If you dog really enjoys the ice cream treat, then maybe use it as a celebratory treat rather than a regular meal. Too much diary and your dog could develop gastrointestinal issues which makes it uncomfortable for both you and the dog. The sugar in ice cream can also cause your dog to have lots of energy, so use with caution in case you don’t want your dog bouncing off the walls.

How To Measure The Level Of Toxicity In Pets

As a responsible dog owner, it is your job to ensure the things your dog eats is healthy for it. Dogs are known to be some of the least pickiest animals on the planet as they’ll snarf down just about anything you give them. This can pose real problems if your dog gets the wrong idea about food that he shouldn’t be eating. Just like humans, there are things that are toxic to dogs. One of the most common things that can really pose a threat to dogs is chocolate. While you may not be able to completely rid chocolate of your household and make sure your dog can’t eat any, you can however take precautionary measure by finding out how much it takes to do real damage.

First of all, a small miniscule amount of chocolate isn’t going to hurt your dog. I’m talking a very small nibble. Anything over that and you could be have some real problems. The toxicity of the chocolate really depends on how much your dog weighs. If your 35 lb dog gets into some milk chocolate, it will take about 5 ounces of it before he starts endangering himself. However, if you have a larger dog that’s around 100 lbs, it will take about 15 ounces before some symptoms of chocolate poisoning occur. Some of the symptoms of chocolate poisoning are excessive vomiting, seizures, diarrhea, rapid heart rate which could lead to heart failure, and extreme abdominal pains. You should note that, besides white chocolate which is completely fine for your dog to eat, milk chocolate has the weakest chance of poisoning your dog. Dark chocolate, Bakers chocolate, semi-sweet chocolate, and cocoa powder are all much stronger and takes very little to poison your dog.

If you think your dog might have chocolate poisoning you should not hesitate to call animal poison control or take him to the vet. You do not want to take chances with something as serious as this. Some dogs aren’t very good at communicating their pain or discomfort, especially if their owners isn’t the most observant. Cats on the other hand can use their purr to signal discomfort in some situations. That’s right, sometimes cats purr to heal and sooth themselves, not just show content and happiness.

Want To Be Taken Seriously In The Classroom? Grow A Beard

Recent studies have shown that men with beards tend to be taken a little more seriously than those who are clean-shaven. Beards, in reference to appearance, can really make-or-break it. If you have the face that shouldn’t be growing a beard, or you grow a beard poorly, it can heavily affect your sex-appeal and other peoples’ perception of you. However, if you can grow a beard well, keep it maintained, and looking nice, then people will invest more into, take you more seriously, and tend to trust you a little more.

So what is it about a nicely trimmed beard that makes us trust the person behind it? I like to think it’s the time spent into it. Someone who spends time in front of the beard with a nice beard trimmer just to make himself look nicely definitely doesn’t seem to be someone who will stab you in the back. While this isn’t always the case, of course, it is the first impression that counts the most.

Someone with a beard also seems a little more scholarly. Why? Again, nobody really knows for sure my theory goes to history. When you think of a historian, philosopher, or scientist, the image you come up with will most likely be someone with a beard. Beards were the thing back in earlier centuries (mostly because trimming a beard was even more of a task than it is today since they didn’t have electric shavers). Someone with a beard appears to be older, more mature, and experienced. Chances are you’re going to find that person to be a little more credible than someone with a standard clean face.

With that said, it definitely depends on what kind of beard you have. Generally, someone with a thin mustache and nothing else doesn’t give off the same effect as a nicely kept medium-length beard. While the mustache might look nice, sharp, and accurately trimmed, it just gives off a weird vibe. If you think of a used car-salesman, you might think of someone who has a mustache. It may be bad to stereotype mustaches, but it’s a mental process many people share. The same thing applies to a big bushy beard. If your beard sticks out over 2 inches then the first judgment someone makes about you is that you’re not in touch with society. Those people are not easily trusted by others. The ideal beard to get others to consider you credible and take you seriously is a neat medium-length beard.

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Community Education: Don’t Leave Your Dog In The Car For Long

Every summer there are news reports of dogs that have died due to being left in a car. Often people have left the window open a short way, thinking that there dog will be fine as they are only popping into shop for a short time. What many people don’t realise is that dogs have difficulty in regulating their temperature and can easily overheat and become ill in a vary short time.

Heatstroke can occur to animals when they are left unattended in cars, and it does not only occur on the hottest of days. A car is basically like a tin can, and temperatures inside can arise surprisingly quickly. The inside of a car can reach 200 degrees on a very hot day causing untold harm to your pet.

Dogs can die from heatstroke in the short space of 15 minutes. dogs cool themselves by panting and sweating through their paw pads, but in an extremely hot environment these methods are not enough to counteract the heat. Early heat sign symptoms include heavy panting, thick saliva, restlessness or lethargy. Later signs include diarrhoea, vomiting and lack of coordination

If you have to take your dog on a journey with you there are certain tips that can help ensure your dogs safety. Where possible take the dog into the store with you, this may mean changing from your regular supermarket to smaller family owned businesses that are dog friendly. Make sure your dog has access to cold water during the journey. get sunscreens for your windows and make sure your air conditioning is on. Where possible park in the shade, if someone else is in the car with the dog then doors and windows can be kept open.

Heat stroke can affect dogs of all sizes. Older dogs can be more prone to suffering heatstroke, and also those with thicker denser coats. Some hypoallergenic breeds of dogs have very dense tightly curled coats which can make them more susceptible to feeling the effects of heat, but the rule of thumb is that no dog should be left unattended in a car.

If you see a dog left unattended in a car it is important to alert the police or local animal control warden to inform them.

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